Friday, May 22, 2020

Maritime Traffic Lanes

Traffic is controlled in coastal waters and inland passages with marker buoys. Buoys in coastal areas are known as lateral markers and when found in traffic lanes they are known as channel markers. Both types of markers serve the same purpose. They guide a vessel through an area known to be safe for passage, and provide a traffic separation scheme similar to a road on land. These â€Å"Rules of the Road† are very similar to those you follow while driving an automobile on land, so we will use that as an example when talking about marine traffic. IALA A and IALA B If you are driving a car in an overseas country it is sometimes necessary to drive on the opposite side of the road than you usually do. This is the same for ships, but fortunately there are only two schemes IALA A and IALA B. IALA stands for International Association of Lighthouse Authorities. IALA A is used in Europe, some areas of Africa, most of Asia, plus Australia and New Zealand. IALA B is used in North America, South America, Japan, the Philippines, and Korea. Traffic Marker Buoys Marker buoys come in two colors, green and red. Red buoys mark one side of a traffic lane and green marks the other side. Think of the area in the middle as a road or highway. On land a road has painted stripes marking safe areas for travel; a solid line marks both sides of the road and is meant not to be crossed—think of the red and green buoys as these lines. A road has a line painted in the middle to divide traffic by direction; in a maritime environment the center divider is invisible. The separation line is exactly in the center of the marked course. IALA A Rules In Europe, Australia, New Zealand, plus parts of Africa and Asia, the IALA A rules are in force. This means that when traveling you should keep the green buoy on the right or starboard side of the vessel. The shape of the marker also gives you traffic information. A triangular or cone-shaped top indicates the marker should be kept on the starboard side of the vessel. IALA B Rules The IALA B traffic separation scheme is used in North and South America, Japan, the Philippines, and Korea. It is the opposite traffic flow of the IALA A scheme. This is like driving on the opposite side of the road while overseas. In this case, while traveling keep the red buoy on the right or starboard side of the vessel. The same triangular or cone-shaped top will be present on markers which should be kept on the starboard side of the vessel. Both traffic patterns have the same rules when it comes to marker shape. A triangular marker is always kept on the starboard side of the vessel no matter if it is red or green. Markers to the port side of the vessel will be square or flat-topped. Entering and Exiting Traffic Separation Schemes When entering a traffic separation area, proceed with caution and be alert. This is like a highway on-ramp for ships and smaller craft. At busy times many vessels will be trying to enter these lanes. Try to align your vessel in the direction of travel within the lane. Essentially extending the lane beyond the actual lane markers will help you smoothly transition from open waters to the traffic lane. The entrance to a traffic separation scheme is subject to rules of Right of Way. The Right of Way is one of the most important parts of the Rules of the Road and needs to be understood completely for safe operation. Sometimes automobile traffic in busy areas takes on a special set of rules that is different from standard operation, and is usually only understood by local drivers. The same thing is true on the water. Local vessels like water taxis or tender boats might not follow these traffic lanes, this is not necessarily breaking the rules because the vessels need to operate outside the lanes to do their job. Exiting a traffic scheme is similar to entering. If you are traveling out into open water it is best to extend your heading past the end of the final marker. If your vessel is large or slow moving, traffic behind your vessel might be eager to pass. Wait until traffic clears before changing your course because not all vessels will sound the proper horn signal when attempting to pass. Be careful, Right of Way is important, but avoiding collision is more important than being right. You may need to exit a traffic lane before reaching the end of the marked passage to reach your destination. Buoys are marked with numbers like street numbers. Red buoys always have an even number and green are marked with odd numbers. Maneuvering between marker buoys is acceptable as long as it can be done safely. Check for traffic outside the lane and for any orange and white buoys marking obstructions. If the way is clear you may proceed. If you must cross the oncoming lane of traffic, wait for an appropriate gap in traffic and turn a perpendicular course across the lane. Keep other vessels in mind when slowing down or turning out of a lane. Ships have limited maneuverability at low speeds and take a long time to stop. If you cannot turn across a lane without obstructing traffic, exit on the opposite side and wait for traffic to clear then proceed across both lanes to your destination. Traffic Lane Crossings Where two traffic lanes cross there is a special marker buoy. It is striped horizontally with red and green bands. This is similar to an intersection of a primary and secondary road. The top band designates the primary traffic route and the lower band designates the secondary route. Right of Way rules govern how traffic flows at these crossings—primary and secondary designations do not determine which vessel may cross first.

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Effects Of Physical Activity On Childhood Obesity Essay

I choose the topic of physical activity as the importance of preventing childhood obesity. Because childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and corrupting the lives of millions of children who won’t survive into their adulthood. Childhood obesity is a serious health issue that’s facing the United States. This topic captivated my attention to understanding the main problems and solutions to combating childhood obesity after watching; â€Å"Weight of the Nation† Children in Crisis. The types of information I found on the creditable and non-creditable websites and blogs were steps on how to prevent childhood obesity by incorporating exercise into children daily life’s routines. Changes overweight and obese children encounter throughout the childhood up until adolescents. For example, behavioral, psychological, social and even physical. The explanations of the main types of physical activity. Causes and Consequences of childhood obesity. Health risks found in children like Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, hypertension. The different physical activity guideline recommendations for children on the amount of time required for the child to stay active and healthy. Majority of the people who are interested in the information would find it very useful. As well as, give them a sense of knowledge on the childhood obesity epidemic in the United States. Also, if you never knew what childhood obesity was and what caused it and how to prevent childhood obesity from entering into adulthoodShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Physical Activity On Childhood Obesity3263 Words   |  14 Pagesextent does physical activity play a role in childhood obesity? Eduardo San Jorge 2723761 DIE 4564 Abstract Obesity has grown exponentially worldwide over the last 20 years and is an increasing global epidemic. Overweight and obesity are most evident and most likely to be problems in children, impacting both their physical and psychological development and overall health. Having excessive body fat is a characteristic of the obese and overweight population. Obesity developmentRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Developing Problem1197 Words   |  5 PagesObesity in America is a developing problem, and not just in adults. Today, one in three American children and teens are either overweight or obese; almost triple the rate previously in 1963. Child obesity has expeditiously become one of the most genuine health challenges of the 21st century (â€Å"10 Surprising Facts About Childhood Obesity†). Physical inactivity, race, junk food in schools, the mass media, and the child’s parents flaws are all factors that have resulted in the prevalence of childhoodRead MorePolicy Priority Issue : The Childhood Obesity Essay1614 Words   |  7 PagesPolicy priority issue: The childhood obesity Childhood obesity is one of the major public health challenges of the 21st century. The prevalence of obesity is increasing globally. In 2013, the number of overweight children under the age of five was estimated over 42 million. Childhood obesity can cause premature death and disability in adulthood. Overweight and obese children will grow up to become obese adults and are more likely to develop diseases like cardiovascular diseases and diabetes at aRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Condition Of Being Grossly Fat And Overweight937 Words   |  4 PagesChildhood Obesity. Childhood Obesity is a condition of being grossly fat and overweight. When someone exceeds a certain weight for a given height they are considered obese. Lifestyle issues such as too little activities and too many calories from drinks are main contributors of childhood obesity. People eat for two reasons and those are either comfort eat or appetite eat. A study have shown that kids who go without breakfast before school are more likely than classmates to be inactive, unfit andRead MoreChildhood Obesity And Its Effects Essay1049 Words   |  5 PagesChildhood obesity is at an all-time high in the United States and should be a major concern for the nation. With childhood obesity steadily rising, it is imperative that actions be implemented to offset this trend. Childhood obesity places children at a significantly higher risk for a multitude of physical and psychological health concerns. It is important to understand the actions that have been set in motion that attempt to resolve thi s issue. Additionally, it should be determined if these actionsRead MoreChildhood Obesity Essay examples1472 Words   |  6 PagesAmerica childhood obesity was rarely a topic of conversation. A survey done in the early 1970s showed that 6.1% of children between the ages 12 and 19 were overweight. Eight years later the same survey was done and 17.4% were considered overweight (Iannelli). â€Å"Childhood obesity epidemic in America is now a confirmed fact since the number of overweight or obese children has more than tripled during the last 30 years† (Childhood Obesity Epidemic). â€Å"Over the last 20 years, the prevalence of obesity in childrenRead MoreChildhood Obesity Is A Medical Condition1109 Words   |  5 Pages Childhood obesity is a medical condition that is found in children, teenagers and middle aged people. Everyone has a unique body shape and structure that is engineered right for them but sometimes the body will store more body fat than required. If an individual stores more fat than an average person is supposed to, then they can be categorized as obese. Childhood obesity can be identified seeing if the weight of a child is well above that of an average for a child s height and age. For anRead MoreObesity Is The Reason Our Youth972 Words   |  4 Pages Introduction Childhood obesity has been on a steady incline over the past 30 years and is considered a serious public health concern, especially in elementary school aged children. According to the US Surgeon General, nearly one in three children are overweight or obese (US Department of Human Health Services, 2014). The American Heart Association (2010) has age and sex specific growth charts that show the calculation of children’s BMI using their height and weight. When children’s weight isRead MoreWhat Are The Largest Problems That Plague America? Essay1383 Words   |  6 PagesWhile these things are important, and do have a great impact on the country, there is another large and often forgotten issue that faces America: childhood obesity. This nationwide problem is also directly harmful to the strength and conditioning industry. Physical education classes are failing to involve kids in the necessary amount of daily physical activity. Parents are lacking proactivity to get ki ds exercising. Food marketing is aggressively drawing children to junk food, and restaurants are failingRead MoreChildhood Obesity And Its Effects On Children And The Dangers Associated With This Rise1438 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscussing the recent increase of obesity rates in children and the dangers associated with this rise. The research focused specifically on children who had survived cancer and later developed obesity, causing more complications in their health. This rise of obesity in child cancer survivors has been linked to numerous potential factors causing an increase in the possibility of developing this disease. The potential factors that increase the risk of childhood obesity in cancer survivors include, treatment

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

War Is No Solution to Any Problem Free Essays

WAR IS NO SOLUTION TO ANY PROBLEM War is the barbaric activity which only concludes in the loss of life and property. The violence of war is life threatening which can never resolve any dispute. Both the parties practicing war ends in social and economic loss as it is said by john S. We will write a custom essay sample on War Is No Solution to Any Problem or any similar topic only for you Order Now C Abbott that â€Å"War is the science of destruction† The one involved in war only end up in loss of lives socially and economically therefore the peaceful talks would be more beneficial to solve the disputes. Peaceful negotiation are safe to dissolve a conflict then to lead a war and end in cruelty as it is said by Chief Joseph that â€Å"Better to live in peace than to begin a war and lie dead† Therefore reconciliation is the appropriate way to resolve a burning issue. For example the war between US and Afghanistan was held for more than a decade but ends in social and economic loss of both the countries. Form this we can understand that war is no solution to any problem it only ends in loss of both the parties’ hence peaceful negotiation should be preferred. During the World War II America used nuclear weapons against Japan consequently thousands of people died in brutal death. Japan suffers loss of lives and America had economic loss of nuclear weapons. Thus both suffered in some other way and this act didn’t came to any solution. Indeed, it remained world history that war never resolves any problem in fact it breeds more economical and social problems. As it is said by Eleanor Roosevelt that â€Å"No one won the last war and no one will win the next† Thus reconciliation should be preferred to resolve a dispute instead of war which only ends in cruelty. How to cite War Is No Solution to Any Problem, Essays

Monday, April 27, 2020

Western Civilizations (Unit VII) an Example of the Topic History Essays by

Western Civilizations (Unit VII) Assessment Essay Questions What social transformation was Stalin trying to bring about in the Soviet Union in the 1930s? Why do you think he felt obligated to carry out the Great Purges of the late 1930s? The kind of social transformation that Stalin was trying to bring about in the Soviet Union in the 1930s was the creation of the New Soviet Person (Hoffmann, 2003). He believed that socialist values must be instilled in all members of society alongside the implementation of the policies of industrialization, urbanization and modernization. Stalins Soviet Union, therefore, was a Soviet version of the (Enlightenment) impulse to remake and improve society (Hoffman, 2003). Human nature itself must be tailored to accommodate the demands of socialism. Need essay sample on "Western Civilizations (Unit VII) Assessment Essay Questions" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed University Students Often Tell EssayLab support: How much do I have to pay someone to make my essay today? Essay writer professionals suggest: Essaylab.Com Can Provide You With The Winning Academic Essay For Stalin, this could only happen if the Soviet Union isolated itself from the rest of the world (Chambers, Hanawalt, Rabb, Woloch, Grew and Tiersten, 2007). Without outside interference, the country would be able to develop an environment that is conducive to the emergence of the New Soviet Person. Consequently, Stalin implemented measures that would supposedly transform the Soviet Union into a self-reliant industrial power. The First (1928-1932), Second (1933-1937) and Third (1938-1942) Five-Year Plans all attempted to collectivize agriculture and push for industrialization, with disastrous results. Famine ensued as the government seized grain from peasants to feed industrial workers and to export in order to raise payments for imported machinery that was necessary for industrialization (Chambers, Hanawalt, Rabb, Woloch, Grew and Tiersten, 2007). As soon as the Soviet Union acquired some semblance of autonomy, the government carefully monitored the people for anti-Soviet activities. Associations of writers, musicians and artists were obliged to come up with pro-Soviet propaganda. Mass organizations were instituted with the purpose of indoctrinating workers and the youth. Members of the party who criticized Soviet ideology or even exhibited skepticism were immediately accused of treason (Chambers, Hanawalt, Rabb, Woloch, Grew and Tiersten, 2007). Stalin felt obligated to carry out the Great Purges of the late 1930s because he eventually replaced socialism as the center of Soviet society (Chambers, Hanawalt, Rabb, Woloch, Grew and Tiersten, 2007). Not only was his picture literally everywhere; works of art were dedicated to him and factories were named after him. Fearful of potential conspiracies against him, especially after the assassination of close associate Sergei Kirov in 1934, Stalin used violence to eliminate everyone whom he perceived to be his enemy. From 1934 to 1939, engineers, Ukrainian separatists, former Mensheviks and party members accused of being counterrevolutionaries were arrested, tried and executed. Why did the United States become so fearful of the Soviet Union after 1945? Why was the Soviet Union so fearful of the United States? The United States became so fearful of the Soviet Union after 1945 because during this period, communism was rapidly expanding throughout Eastern Europe and the Third World (De Escobar, Kelly and Romero, 2002). The post-World War II economic climate leaned favorably to the political left. The experience of poverty during the war resulted in popular demands for widespread land, welfare and economic reform. Accustomed to wartime controls, people viewed economic planning as the best means of ensuring economic growth and equity after the war (Painter, 1999). The political left gained further prestige because of the key role that the Soviet Union played in defeating Nazi Germany. The victory of the Soviet Union over Nazism resulted in tolerance, if not a sustaining myth, for continued communist rule. In the process, communist parties and other leftist groups gained ground throughout Europe and in some parts of the Third World (Painter, 1999). By 1947, the Soviet Union had already established Communist regimes in Bulgaria, Romania, Poland and Hungary (MSN Encarta, 2008). Communism was likewise on the verge of assuming power in France, Italy, Greece, China and Vietnam (Painter, 1999). The US felt extremely threatened with the aforementioned developments the Republicans (strong opponents of the New Deal) dominated the postwar government of the former (Painter, 1999). US President Harry S. Truman therefore issued in 1947 the Truman Doctrine, a policy which extended military assistance to any nation that was under the threat of Soviet expansionism (MSN Encarta, 2008). But the Soviet Union was also fearful of the US Soviet leaders were very much aware that their countrys political, economic and military power was extremely inferior to that of the US (Painter, 1999). The Soviet Unions wartime reputation can no longer hide the poverty that communism has wrought upon the country. The Soviet Union therefore took certain steps to display an illusion of power. In 1949, it conducted its first nuclear testing. In 1961, the Soviet Union constructed the Berlin Wall in order to prevent the exodus of East German refugees to West Germany (MSN Encarta, 2008). In retaliation, the US deployed troops and missiles in strategic locations in various parts of the world. This rivalry between the US and the Soviet Union came to be known as the Cold War. References Chambers, M., Hanawalt, B., Rabb, T.K., Woloch, I., Grew, R., & Tiersten, L. (2007). The Western Experience, Volume II (9th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. De Escobar, J.K., Kelly, J., & Romero, C.A. (2002). The United States and Venezuela: Rethinking a Relationship. New York: Routledge. Hoffmann, D.L. (2003). Stalinist Values: The Cultural Norms of Soviet Modernity, 1917-1941. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. MSN Encarta. (2008). Cold War.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

How to become a millionnaire essays

How to become a millionnaire essays The tax code needs to be made simpler than it is. The Internal Revenue contains more than a million words that the average American does not know the meaning of or the laws behind them. That forces the person to have to get a professional to do their taxes. The number of pages in the Internal Revenue Code and Regulations has more than doubled in the past twenty years, which is more dumb language most people can not understand. By 2010, more than one in five taxpayers will be forced to calculate their income taxes twice -once for the regular income tax and once for the Alternative Minimum Tax - and then pay the greater amount.(Anthony, Mark) If it takes almost twelve pages to calculate the poor earned income tax, imagine what it is doing to the wealthy and large businesses. The money people do get back they end up paying most of it to their tax preparer. All of that nonsense which hardly means nothing, just a couple of big headed people that got into a room and found a smart unique w ay to take the money people have worked hard for and put it into someones else pocket. Yes, the tax code should be clearly defined, clearer that not only law makers and government officials could read and comprehend it, but the people who it applies to could also. When it comes to being fair, the tax code does not clearly define the term. If it did there would not be as many loopholes as there are now. A new tax code would give the Bush administration a chance to make that happen. "My tax cut plan is not just about productivity, it is about people. Economics is more than narrow interests or organized envy. A tax plan must apply market principles to the public interest. And my plan sets out to make life better for average men, women and children." (President George W. Bush) The current tax code is full of inequities. Many single moms face higher marginal tax rates than the wealthy. Couples frequently face a higher tax burden after they ma...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

How to Use Quand, Lorsque, Lors de, and Pendant

How to Use Quand, Lorsque, Lors de, and Pendant Time doesnt have to be a point on a clock or any other exact measure. It can be a moment or a duration, simultaneous actions or repeated actions, and every discrete difference in between. Thats what the following analysis of these time-related expressions is all about. Were going to look at  the differences between the conjunctions quand and lorsque, the similar-looking expressions lorsque  (conjunction) and lors de  (a preposition), and the temporal prepositions lors de and pendant. This may sound like a mouthful, but its actually pretty straightforward once you know the story behind these words to see how theyre utilized. Here are explanations and examples to help you use all of these correctly in French sentences. 'Quand' versus'Lorsque' The conjunctions quand and lorsque both mean when. They are interchangeable when they indicate a simple correlation in time, although lorsque is a bit more formal. However, quand and lorsque each have unique, non-interchangeable meanings as well. 'Quand' ('When') 1.  Temporal correlation (interchangeable with lorsque) Je marchais quand tu mas tà ©là ©phonà ©.   I was walking when you called me.Quand je tai vu, javais peur.   When I saw you, I was afraid.Je te verrai demain quand jarriverai.* I will see you tomorrow when I arrive. 2.  Repetition correlation (meaning chaque fois que) Quand il est l, elle ne parle pas.   When(ever) he is there, she doesnt speak.Quand il sera l, elle ne parlera pas.*   When(ever) he is there, she wont speak. 3.  Quand as  interrogative adverb Quand vas-tu arriver?   When are you going to arrive?Je ne sais pas quand il reviendra.   I dont know when he will return. 'Lorsque' ('When') When the action that follows  lorsque  or  quand  has not yet occurred, the subsequent  French verb must be in the  future  tense, whereas in English the present tense is used. 1.  Temporal correlation (interchangeable with quand) Je marchais lorsque tu mas tà ©là ©phonà ©.   I was walking when you called me.Lorsque je tai vu, javais peur.   When I saw you, I was afraid.Je te verrai demain lorsque jarriverai.   I will see you tomorrow when I arrive. 2.  Simultaneous opposition (meaning alors que or tandis que) Jai crià © lorsquil a fallu courir.   I screamed when / whereas I should have run.Je crierai lorsquil faudra courir.   Ill scream, when / whereas I should run. 'Lorsque' versus 'Lors de' ('During,' 'At the Time of') Lorsque and lors de may look similar, but thats all they have in common. Lorsque  is a conjunction. Meanwhile,  lors de is a preposition  used to provide the background for another action; it means at the time of or during. Lors de son anniversaire, elle à ©tait contente.   At the time of her birthday, she was happy.Je suis arrivà © lors du mariage.   I arrived during the wedding. 'Lors de' versus 'Pendant' ('During') Be careful not to confuse the prepositions  lors de and pendant. They can both be translated by during, but lors de refers to a single moment in time, while pendant indicates a duration of time. Il à ©tait content lors de son sà ©jour.   He was happy (at some point) during his stay.Il à ©tait content pendant son sà ©jour.   He was happy during his (entire) stay.Il à ©tait content lors de son anniversaire.   He was happy (for a moment) on his birthday.Il à ©tait content pendant son anniversaire. He was happy during his (entire) birthday.Il a travaillà © lors des trois dernià ¨res annà ©es.   He worked (at some point) during the last three years.Il a travaillà © pendant les trois dernià ¨res annà ©es. He has worked (throughout) the last three years.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Impact of Dams Building in Bellefonte Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1

Impact of Dams Building in Bellefonte - Essay Example This place holds lots of water as it is connected to a canal which leads to Susquehanna River and ultimately falls into the ocean. Bellefonte is known for its active trade and economics and holds the value of an industrial center in the middle of rural surroundings. Many other dams on same architectural design were built. These dams were not very deep. They were a mere 10-15 feet deep (low head dams) but they powered the industry all through the 19th century. Now on the Spring Creek, only 10-20 of these dams remain. These dams generated water from the spring and had many impacts on the environment and for the economics. For instance; these dams blocked the way for trout. Trout can jump and it’s hard. These dams also trapped sediments and stopped almost all of the sea flow. Another impact of these dams is that they warm up the water through the dam stream. This dam stream slows down the water flow, which gets more heat from the sun. The sun bakes it and the water gets the relatively high temperature and the result is less vegetation and less shade for animals. Due to an elevated temperature of water, the warmer water rises to the surface and fish also remain near the surface whereas the cold water sinks to the bottom. There is also a large ponding area here which affects a larger portion of the stream. The Spring House here is run by an actual spring and lets 8-10 million gallons of water pass through in a day. A chunk of the area has been sold for natural gas drilling and for other manufacturing concern like drinking bottled water. Bellefonte is a water-rich area and has a huge surplus of water. As the area started developing, more and more industries started mushrooming and the place became noisy and dirty. The industries started dumping waste into the stream and disturbed the natural condition of water and caused disgusting contamination in it. But the good thing is that this was the case many years ago.